Síntesis Informativa Lazos
Número: 3430
Ciudad de México a 9 de agosto de 2017

To English speakers: below you will find information in English published by American and Canadian press.

Bandera de México   MEDIOS NACIONALES / ESTATALES - MÉXICO / MEDIA IN MÉXICO

MIGRACIÓN INFANTIL, FOCO DE INQUIETUD / EL ECONOMISTA
Con el objetivo de analizar la problemática, los retos y la condición actual de infantes y adolescentes migrantes y considerando que México es un país de origen, tránsito y retorno de migrantes, organizaciones de la sociedad civil como Red VIRAL, Reinserta un Mexicano y Agenda Migrante, entre otras, instalaron en el Senado el Consejo de niñas, niños y adolescentes migrantes. En el edificio de Paseo de la Reforma, las organizaciones civiles hicieron un llamado al Ejecutivo para que considere el proyecto de presupuesto que enviará a los legisladores una partida para la protección y restitución de los derechos humanos de los niños y niñas migrantes, así como para programas de reinserción para refugiados y apoyos a las Organizaciones de la Sociedad Civil que otorgan acompañamiento a los menores de edad víctimas de algún delito, salud mental y educación.
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LA INSUFICIENCIA DEL TLCAN / EL FINANCIERO
El Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte ha generado muchos de los beneficios inicialmente esperados. No obstante, México requiere medidas complementarias para acrecentar el bienestar. El TLCAN, en vigor desde 1994, representó una forma de impulsar la integración económica regional mediante la reducción de barreras mutuas al comercio. La liberalización de trabas fue gradual y diferenciada entre los países. Con mucho, la apertura fue más trascendental para México, al menos, por dos razones. La primera es que, entre las tres naciones, la nuestra tenía las barreras arancelarias y no arancelarias más elevadas.
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FIRMA DE EU DESPIDE A DECENAS DE MEXICANOS POR PROTESTAR / MILENIO
Una compañía agrícola estadunidense en la comunidad de Sumas, al norte de Seattle, Washington, despidió entre 75 y cien trabajadores mexicanos, que protestaron tras la muerte de un compañero, que atribuyeron a las malas condiciones laborales, denunciaron grupos comunitarios. La firma Sarbanand Farms sacó el fin de semana de sus campos de moras a los jornaleros, provenientes de los estados mexicanos de Guanajuato, Nayarit y Michoacán bajo el Programa de Visas H-2A para realizar labores agrícolas de temporada, sin darles tiempo para recoger sus pertenencias personales.
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ECONOMÍA DARÁ INFORMES AL SENADO SOBRE REVISIÓN DE TLC / IVETTE SALDAÑA, CARINA GARCÍA Y SUZZETE ALCÁNTARA / EL UNIVERSAL
A una semana de que inicie la renegociación del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN), el secretario de Economía, Ildefonso Guajardo Villarreal, se comprometió a dar al Senado de la República información oportuna sobre el proceso. Sin embargo, reiteró que México no develará su estrategia, para evitar bloqueos de empresas estadunidenses que pudieran sentirse afectadas. Luego de que senadores pidieran ser incorporados y conocer el detalle de las conversaciones desde un “cuarto de junto”, el funcionario compareció ante la Comisión de Relaciones Exteriores, ante la que indicó que el país está listo para las pláticas.
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MÉXICO FACILITA COBRO DE REMESAS A UN BAJO COSTO: MEADE / RADIO FORMULA
El gobierno de México trabaja en facilitar el cobro de remesas a un bajo costo, destacó el titular de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público (SHCP), José Antonio Meade. En el marco de la presentación aquí del Programa de Servicios Financieros para Familias de Migrantes "Encuentro con el sector cooperativo", destacó que para ello se trabaja en mecanismos de envío, aprovechando tecnologías financieras y la próxima "Ley Fintech", pues el tema de las remesas es relevante no solo para México, sino también para muchos otros países.
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AFECTACIONES EN EL CENTRO DE DETENCIÓN DE MIGRANTES EN CALIFORNIA / UNO MAS UNO
Muertes de detenidos, intentos de suicidio y huelgas de hambre afectan el funcionamiento del Centro de Detención de Inmigrantes en Adelanto, California, administrada por GEO Group que opera docenas de prisiones privadas y centros de detención en todo Estados Unidos. De acuerdo con un reporte de Los Angeles Times, tan sólo de diciembre a la fecha se ha registrado el quinto intento de suicidio entre los inmigrantes retenidos en este centro ubicado a unos 150 kilómetros al noroeste de Los Ángeles.
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REALIZAN HOY ENCUENTRO BINACIONAL PRO MIGRANTES / ARALY CASTAÑÓN / DIARIO DE JUÁREZ
Con la finalidad de conjuntar esfuerzos de organismos tanto de México como de Estados Unidos para la protección de los derechos de los migrantes, el Municipio realizará hoy el Encuentro Binacional de Familias Migrantes y Repatriadas “Realidad, Diálogo y Compromiso”. El alcalde, Armando Cabada Alvídrez, dijo que con este evento se busca fortalecer la red de trabajo conjunto entre organismos en ambos lados de la frontera que brindan apoyo a las familias migrantes y repatriadas.
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Bandera de Estados Unidos de América  MEDIOS EN ESTADOS UNIDOS / MEDIA IN USA

IRREGULAR IMMIGRATION STATISTICS SHOW TRUMP’S RESOLVE TO KEEP CAMPAIGN PROMISE / STEPHEN DINAN /THE WASHING TIMES
President Trump has overseen huge increases in arresting irregular immigrants inside the U.S., pushing them through the immigration courts toward deportations and stopping newcomers from entering along the southwestern border, according to statistics released Tuesday. While the giant border gains reported in the early days of the presidency have diminished, Mr. Trump is still well ahead of the Obama era, with the number of illegal immigrants being snared — a measure of the overall flow — down by 46 percent in July compared with the same period last year. The immigration courts are also moving faster in ordering deportations, issuing nearly 50,000 removal orders from February through July — up 28 percent compared with the same period last year under President Obama. Administration officials said the numbers show Mr. Trump has taken the immigration issue seriously, which was one of his most prominent campaign promises.
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THE DECADES-LONG CAMPAIGN TO CUT LEGAL IMMIGRATION / THE NEW YORKER
Last week, when Donald Trump publicly endorsed the RAISE Act, a bill that would drastically curb legal immigration to the United States, he did what immigration hard-liners had waited more than two decades for a President to do. The bill, whose acronym is short for Reforming American Immigration for Strong Employment, was introduced in February by Senators Tom Cotton and David Perdue, both Republicans, but it hadn’t attracted much attention until Trump took up its mantle. “This legislation demonstrates our compassion for struggling American families who deserve an immigration system that puts their needs first,” Trump said at a White House press conference. “Our people, our citizens, and our workers,” he went on, have struggled while “competing for jobs against brand-new arrivals.”
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THE DANGER FROM LOW-SKILLED IMMIGRANTS: NOT HAVING THEM / THE NEW YORK TIMES
Let’s just say it plainly: The United States needs more low-skilled immigrants. You might consider, for starters, the enormous demand for low-skilled workers, which could well go unmet as the baby boom generation ages out of the labor force, eroding the labor supply. Eight of the 15 occupations expected to experience the fastest growth between 2014 and 2024 — personal care and home health aides, food preparation workers, janitors and the like — require no schooling at all. “Ten years from now, there are going to be lots of older people with relatively few low-skilled workers to change their bedpans,” said David Card, a professor of economics at the University of California, Berkeley. “That is going to be a huge problem.”
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DOES STATE FUNDING FOR MEDI-CAL DISCRIMINATE AGAINST THE LATINOS IT SERVES? / LOS ANGELES TIMES
Only about half of the non-emergency care doctors in California are willing to treat patients who are on Medi-Cal — the state’s version of Medicaid, the joint federal-state health insurance program for the poor and disabled — because the state pays them too little for their services. Yet the federal government, which sets and enforces Medicaid’s standards for access to care, has consistently given the state’s program permission to continue as-is. Now, two civil rights organizations are asking a judge to order the state to spend more on the program. In a recently filed lawsuit, the Mexican-American Legal Defense and Educational Fund and the Civil Rights Education and Enforcement Center claim that the state’s underfunding of Medi-Cal discriminates against Latinos in violation of California law.
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TRUMP’S IMMIGRATION VISION ISN’T THE REAGAN WAY / MARC A. THIESSEN / THE WASHINGTON POST
It was not that long ago that a Republican presidential candidate vowed that “we will make America great again.” His name was Ronald Reagan, and he made that promise to restore American greatness at the most appropriate place he could imagine: in the shadow of the Statue of Liberty. It is worth recalling Reagan’s words that day, as we debate the Trump administration’s proposal to cut legal immigration in half. The Statue of Liberty has at its base a poem, “The New Colossus,” which exhorts the world: “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore.” Asked recently whether the White House immigration proposal was consistent with those words, Trump adviser Stephen Miller dismissed the significance of the poem, declaring it “was added later [and] is not actually part of the original Statue of Liberty.”
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OREGON OFFERS TO PAY IMMIGRANT CHILDREN'S HEALTH CARE / MICHAEL OLLOVE / GOVERNING
When Dolores Loaeza was a baby and she needed medical care, her mother could call her pediatrician in Mexico for free advice, and, if needed, to send medication across the border to Los Angeles. As an immigrant without legal permission to be in the country, Dolores was not eligible for full Medicaid coverage. When she got older, her mother, Wendy Pech, would have to scrape together the money to pay for Dolores’ medical expenses out of pocket. “I took extra precautions to make sure Dolores didn’t get sick or injured because we couldn’t afford those bills,” she said through a translator last week.
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TRUMP-BACKED IMMIGRATION BILL DRAWS SIGNIFICANT SUPPORT: POLL / STEPHEN DINAN / THE WASHINGTON TIMES
Americans generally favor a more selective legal immigration system that would reward those who speak English and those who bring desired skills to the U.S., according to a new poll released Wednesday that could boost the new immigration bill President Trump is backing. The Morning Consult/Politico poll found 62 percent support for giving would-be immigrants who can speak English a leg up, and found 61 percent support for creating a point-based system to select new employer-based immigrants. Some 54 percent also said they want the government to weigh an immigrant’s need for taxpayer assistance in deciding whether to admit someone. Cutting the actual total number of legal immigrants from 1.1 million a year to about 500,000 a year is more controversial, with a plurality of 48 percent supporting it and 39 percent opposing it.
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IN ‘HOME FIRE,’ LIVES TOUCHED BY IMMIGRATION, JIHAD AND FAMILY LOVE / DWIGHT GARNER / THE NEW YORK TIMES
Kamila Shamsie’s new novel, longlisted for this year’s Man Booker Prize, is a bold retelling of Sophocles’ “Antigone.” Its epigram (“The ones we love … are enemies of the state”) is from Seamus Heaney’s 2004 translation and reworking of the play. The novel begins with an airport interrogation. A Londoner of Pakistani descent, Isma, has a student visa and is flying to study sociology at Amherst College. Because she’s Muslim and wears a hijab, she knows to expect delays and perhaps worse at security. Dark wit plays beneath her trepidation. She has prepped for this moment with her sister. If you’re asked about the queen, her sister has said, respond, “As an Asian I have to admire her color palette.”
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IMMIGRANT GROUPS URGE FLORIDA GOP LAWMAKERS TO OPPOSE TRUMP / THE WASHINGTON TIMES
More than 100 immigration rights activists are urging Republican lawmakers in Florida to firmly oppose President Donald Trump’s proposals to increase funding for immigration enforcement as deadlines for budget decisions near in Congress. Advocates from Texas, New Mexico and Washington D.C. expressed anger Tuesday at Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart for backing a spending bill that gives $1.6 million for Trump’s controversial border wall. Other bills would add immigration agents and judges. Activists targeted Diaz-Balart because he is a House Appropriations Committee member. They’re also concerned that other Cuban-American representatives in South Florida will side with the administration.
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IRREGULAR IMMIGRATION SPIKES IN JULY; STILL LOWER THAN OBAMA YEARS / STEPHEN DINAN / THE WASHINGTON TIMES
Irregular immigration across the southwest border surged 15 percent in July compared to the month before, Homeland Security announced Tuesday, signaling that President Trump’s early success in stemming the flow of people jumping the border has begun to lessen. The border patrol nabbed 13 percent more irregular immigrants last month than in June, while officers at the ports of entry saw a 23 percent spike in the number of inadmissible aliens showing up and demanding entry. The number of Border Patrol arrests is deemed a yardstick for the overall flow of people. July usually sees a drop, so the surge signals a change in the usual seasonal patterns. David Lapan, spokesman for Homeland Security, said they’re still trying to figure out what the trends mean. “The short answer is we don’t know what all of those causes are,” he told reporters.
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    NOTICIAS EN OTRAS REGIONES DEL MUNDO

NIGER SMUGGLERS TAKE MIGRANTS ON DEADLIER SAHARAN ROUTES: U.N. / REUTERS
Traffickers in Niger are taking African migrants dreaming of reaching Europe on more dangerous routes through the Sahara desert in order to avoid detection after a government crackdown on smuggling, the U.N. migration agency said on Tuesday. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) said it had rescued 1,000 migrants since April in Niger's desert north, a transit point to Libya, from where more than 600,000 people have set out on flimsy boats for Europe in the past four years. Fewer smugglers are setting off from the Nigerien city of Agadez - a smuggling hub until the European Union last year bankrolled a clampdown - and are now taking more treacherous routes through the Sahara, far away from water sources and basic services, the IOM said.
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Lazos es un servicio informativo del IME, se distribuye de lunes a viernes, y contiene información sobre notas periodísticas publicadas en México, EE.UU., y Canadá sobre la población de origen mexicano y latino en EE.UU. y Canadá.

Esta carpeta contiene notas publicadas en los principales periódicos nacionales y extranjeros, de las cuales son responsables únicamente sus autores.

Instituto de los Mexicanos en el Exterior
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Contacto
Vicente Neria Sánchez
vneria@sre.gob.mx