Ciudad de México, 22 de enero de 2018

Número: 3520

 

NACIONALES


PRIMERO EL PRESUPUESTO Y LUEGO LOS “DREAMERS”: TRUMP / MILENIO
En medio de multitudinarias marchas encabezadas por mujeres, el presidente de Estados Unidos, Donald Trump, y legisladores republicanos celebraron el primer año del magnate en la Casa Blanca, amenazando con negociar sobre inmigración hasta que los demócratas ayuden a poner fin a la paralización del gobierno federal. El financiamiento para las agencias federales se acabó la medianoche de ayer sin un acuerdo en el Senado, lo que significa que el segundo año de Trump empezó sin un gobierno completamente funcional.
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ALISTAN DEMÓCRATAS PRESUPUESTO PARA EXPANSIÓN DE MURO FRONTERIZO / EL UNIVERSAL
Los líderes demócratas en el Congreso han cedido a la presión del presidente estadounidense Donald Trump y están dispuestos a destinar miles de millones del presupuesto federal de Estados Unidos a financiar la expansión del muro en la frontera con México. Los recursos serían destinados pese a que la evidencia apunta a que un muro no evitaría la entrada de narcóticos ni la migración indocumentada y a que generaría en cambio severos impactos ambientales y a las comunidades fronterizas.
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PROTESTAN, SIN IMPORTAR SU ESTATUS MIGRATORIO / ABIA OLIVA / EL UNIVERSAL
La marcha de las mujeres volvió a las calles en más de 250 ciudades de la Unión Americana para celebrar el primer aniversario y también para recordar que hace un año tomó posesión el presidente Donald Trump. En la ciudad de San José, California, donde habitan miles de mexicanos (30% de su población total), la marcha comenzó puntual a las 11 de la mañana saliendo de la alcaldía, en donde los ánimos ya estaban encendidos y los participantes, en su mayoría mujeres, afinaban la voz y preparaban sus cartelones.
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PROTESTAN MUJERES DE EU EN OAXACA CONTRA TRUMP / PATRICIA BRISEÑO / EXCELSIOR
Mujeres estadunidenses avecindadas en Oaxaca se manifestaron para expresar su rechazo a la administración del presidente de Estados Unidos, Donald Trump. Las inconformes se concentraron en el parque Juárez “El Llano”, a un costado de la estatua del ilustre oaxaqueño Benito Juárez, donde se pronunciaron contra la política de Trump, a un año de su unción como presidente.
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EN EU, HAY 3.8 MILLONES DE MEXICANOS SIN ACCESO A SALUD / MILENIO
Los mexicanos que viven en Estados Unidos están en condiciones de alta vulnerabilidad y el año pasado la tercera parte de ellos, 3.8 millones de personas, no tuvo acceso a los servicios médicos en ese país. De acuerdo con el reporte Migración y Salud. Reflexiones y Retos para la Salud de la Población Migrante, realizado por el Consejo Nacional de Población, hay una "alta vulnerabilidad de los connacionales que residen en la frontera y que repercuten, entre otros aspectos, en la atención, cuidado y características de su salud”.
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AUMENTAN PELIGROS PARA MIGRANTES AL CRUZAR LA FRONTERA DE MÉXICO A EU / NOTICIEROS TELEVISA
Uno de los puntos más peligrosos en toda la frontera por las temperaturas extremas todo el año. Los peligros que enfrentan los migrantes indocumentados al tratar de cruzar esta áspera frontera, no solamente se limitan cuando hace calor o en zonas áridas. Es también en lugares como este; donde el desierto se convierte en bosque, en Cloverdale, Nuevo México. Está el estado de Arizona; en frente está Las Barras, Sonora, y atrás comienza el estado de Nuevo México. Aquí no hay muros, no hay bardas.
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TRAS 29 AÑOS EN EU DEPORTAN A JORGE; DEJA ESPOSA E HIJOS / ANABEL CLEMENTE / EL FINANCIERO
Hace una semana, Jorge García Martínez fue deportado a México luego de permanecer tres décadas en Estados Unidos. Por ello, Cindy García, su esposa, una ciudadana estadounidense, reclama al presidente Donald Trump: “mintió, dijo que se llevaría a los criminales, no a mi esposo”. “Trump dijo una cosa e hizo otra. Él dijo que iba a deportar a los criminales, alguien que llegó aquí e hizo crímenes, pero no hizo eso, se llevó a mi esposo, que nunca hizo nada malo en su vida; es lo que no entiendo. Por qué se lo llevó, si lo único que hizo fue llegar a los 10 años para hacer una vida nueva”, cuenta, desde Michigan, a El Financiero.
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REGRESÓ, ENTERRÓ A SU HIJO Y HOY BUSCA VOLVER A EU / ANABEL CLEMENTE / EL FINANCIERO
Hace siete meses, Socorro Ávalos, una mujer que vivió 15 años en Estados Unidos, llegó a México para sepultar a su hijo de 22 años, quien un año antes había sido deportado. “Para mí Barack Obama fue el peor presidente en cuanto a migración. Dejó muchas familias destruidas”, cuenta en entrevista la mujer que no ve como una opción quedarse en México.
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ESTADOS UNIDOS


TRUMP’S ANTI-IMMIGRANT RACISM REPRESENTS AN AMERICAN TRADITION / PAUL A. KRAMER / THE NEW YORK TIMES
President Trump has inspired widespread outrage and disgust with his crude, racist disparagement of Haiti, El Salvador and African nations and the predominantly black and brown immigrants from these places. As horrifying as this remark was, his groundbreaking transparency provides an opportunity. Racism has long fueled United States immigration exclusions and restrictions, but these days it’s rare to hear rhetoric that openly reflects this reality, providing us a chance to delve into its roots and implications. We’ve grown accustomed to the dog-whistling of anti-immigrant racism. Where blood, purity and civilization were once its everyday vocabulary, anti-racist and immigrant rights activism have, at least until recently, succeeded in forcing such talk underground.
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CALIFORNIA IMMIGRANT WORKER LAW IS A GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY FOR JEFF SESSIONS / JONATHAN TURLEY / THE HILL
In 2012, California politicians and activists rallied across the country to call upon the U.S. Supreme Court to strike down an Arizona law enforcing federal immigration laws. They argued that such a measure is clearly preempted by federal law, which should solely dictate immigration policy. The Supreme Court in Arizona v. United States ultimately struck down parts of the law at the behest of the Obama administration. Now, just six years later, it is California that has passed a law obstructing federal enforcement. Advocates are now insisting that California’s Immigrant Worker Protection Act must stand despite ordering businesses not to cooperate with federal enforcement.
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MCCONNELL PROMISES IMMIGRATION DEBATE IF GOVERNMENT REOPENS / ALEXANDER BOLTON / THE HILL
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) on Monday promised to take up an immigration bill protecting an estimated 800,000 "Dreamers" from deportation and allow an open amendment process if Democrats agree to reopen the government. The Senate will vote at noon on a three-week funding resolution to end the government shutdown that began at midnight Saturday. The legislation includes an extension of the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Democrats have been pressing McConnell for a vote on the Dreamers legislation, and it is unclear whether his latest commitments will be enough to win them over. With some Republicans expected to vote against the bill, nearly a dozen Democratic votes will likely be needed to clear a 60-vote procedural hurdle.
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HOW ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT DREAMERS AMASSED POWER TO FORCE GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN / STEPHEN DINAN / THE WASHINGTON TIMES
Democrats called it the Trump shutdown. Republicans labeled it the Schumer shutdown. But in reality, it was the Dreamer shutdown. The recipe for the current congressional gridlock is complex, but at the top of the list of ingredients are the illegal immigrant Dreamers who pushed Democrats to launch the filibuster that sent the government careening into a partial shutdown. It’s a stunning display of political leverage for a group that, at most, numbers several million, can’t vote now, and even under the most generous proposals wouldn’t be able to cast ballots for another decade. Yet they have amassed an extraordinary amount of power, comparable to the much larger tea party movement that helped precipitate the last shutdown in 2013.
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WHITE HOUSE AIDE DEFENDS ANTI-IMMIGRANT TRUMP CAMPAIGN AD / MAEGAN VAZQUEZ / CNN
White House legislative director Marc Short defended Monday a recent re-election campaign ad from President Donald Trump that called Democrats "complicit in every murder committed by illegal immigrants." "What (the ad is) trying to do is it's trying to show that we do have a real security threat on our borders," Short told CNN's "New Day." "We have serious security concerns and it's being ignored in a lot of this debate right now. We want to help get that resolved." The 30-second video was released hours after the government shutdown began. The immigration debate is the largest point of contention between the parties. But Short also said the Trump administration is making "significant progress" on immigration negotiations to re-open the federal government.
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UNDOCUMENTED IRISH CAUGHT IN TRUMP'S IMMIGRATION DRAGNET / JOHN BURNETT / NPR
The Trump administration has been aggressively deporting foreign nationals home around the globe, from Somalia to Slovakia. Though Mexicans, Central Americans and Haitians make up 9 out of 10 people removed from the United States, year-end figures analyzed by NPR show that deportations to the rest of the world have jumped 24 percent. Some are from formerly "recalcitrant" countries that used to reject U.S. deportees but have now agreed to take them home. These nations include Guinea, Cuba, Bangladesh, Iraq, Vietnam and Afghanistan. Moreover, agents with Immigration and Customs Enforcement, or ICE, are arresting more immigrants in the interior of the U.S. who have overstayed their visas. A case in point — the unauthorized Irish in Boston.
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THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION CAN'T ARREST ITS WAY OUT OF OUR IMMIGRATION PROBLEM / LOS ANGELES TIMES
State and local governments in California rightly recognize that it's up to the federal government to determine which people living in the country illegally ought to be tracked down and deported. It's no more the responsibility of the Los Angeles Police Department to run immigrants to ground than it is for them to sniff out people cheating on their federal income taxes. There is an important public safety reason for keeping local police and sheriff's deputies out of the deportation business. If people who are living in the country illegally come to view local law enforcement officers — whose duty is to maintain the peace and enforce criminal codes — as just another set of immigration agents, they will be far less likely to report crimes or cooperate with investigators.
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MELINDA GATES HITS OUT AT TRUMP’S ‘ALARMING’ IMMIGRATION VIEWS / SHAWN DONNAN / FINANCIAL TIMES
Melinda Gates has lashed out at President Donald Trump’s description of immigrants from Haiti and Africa as originating from “shithole” countries, with the philanthropist and former Microsoft executive describing the widely reported comments as “alarming in every way”. “That kind of disparaging language should never be used about anybody that lives on this planet,” she told the Financial Times in an interview. “I’m in Africa all the time, that’s not the world I see. I see incredibly entrepreneurial people getting by on meagre means. And yet they’re lifting their families up, they’re lifting their kids up and they want a better future.” Moreover, Mr Trump’s comments are accompanied by what the co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation believes is a strategic mistake by the administration to cut aid budgets as part of its “America First” foreign policy.
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POLITICIANS DEMAND ANSWERS ABOUT NYPD ROLE IN IMMIGRANT RIGHTS ACTIVIST’S ARREST / ERIN DURKIN / THE DAILY NEWS
City Council members are pressing for answers on the NYPD’s involvement in the arrest of a prominent immigrant rights activist. After ICE agents detained Ravi Ragbir for deportation earlier this month — sparking protests and arrests — Councilmen Ritchie Torres and Carlos Menchaca wrote to NYPD Commissioner James O’Neill demanding that he release more information about how police dealt with the incident. “We are gravely concerned about the nature of the NYPD’s response to the demonstration,” wrote Torres (D-Bronx), chairman of the Oversight and Investigations Committee, and Menchaca (D-Brooklyn), chairman of the Immigration Committee. They asked whether the NYPD provided a police escort for the vehicle transporting Ragbir, as some reports have claimed — a move that could call into question the city’s sanctuary city policies, which generally bar it from participating in enforcement against immigrants in the country illegally.
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DONALD TRUMP’S IMMIGRATION BUREAU DETAINS DOCTOR LIVING IN US FOR 40 YEARS / MAYA OPPENHEIM / INDEPENDIENT
A Michigan doctor who has been living in the US for nearly 40 years has been detained by US Immigration and Customs Enforcement. The family of Lukasz Niec, who came from Poland to America when he was just five years old, are now concerned he will be deported back to Poland. Mr Niec’s sister said the family has no idea when her brother, who is currently being held at Calhoun County Jail, will be released from prison. “Until this gets heard, which could be up to six months, he could be stuck in a prison cell and not helping and being with his family,” Iwona Niec-Villaire, who is a lawyer, told Wood-TV.
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THE SLOW-MOTION UNRAVELING OF AN IMMIGRANT FAMILY / DAVID GONZALEZ / THE NEW YORK TIMES
Juan Villacis wakes each morning, looks at the bedroom ceiling and is hit by the sobering realization that he is far from home. Until November, he and his family had carved out a modest life in the Woodhaven neighborhood of Queens, where he and his wife worked as physical therapists while their twin daughters completed college. They are a close-knit family who paid taxes, kept up their house and stayed out of trouble. And now they are being deported. Denied political asylum, they are seeing the slow-motion unraveling of their immigrant family. Mr. Villacis, 57, was deported in December to Quito, Ecuador, the country where he was born, but where he has not lived for 31 years. His wife, Liany Guerrero, had been ordered to return to her native Colombia last week — which she and her family fled in 2001 to escape rebel threats of violence and kidnapping — but serious medical issues resulted in her getting a final 30-day extension for treatment of breast cysts and other conditions.
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HISPANICS FORGO HEALTH SERVICES TO AVOID OFFICIALS’ ATTENTION, ADVOCATES SAY / KELLI KENNEDY / WASHINGTON POST
The number of legal immigrants from Latin America who access public health services and enroll in federally subsidized insurance plans has dipped substantially since President Trump took office because many of them fear that their information could be used to identify and deport relatives living in the United States illegally, according to health advocates nationwide. Trump based his presidential campaign on promises to stop illegal immigration and deport undocumented immigrants, but many legal residents and U.S. citizens are losing their health care as a result, advocates say. After Trump became president a year ago, “every single day families canceled” their Medicaid plans and “people really didn’t access any of our programs,” said Daniel Bouton, a director at the Community Council, a nonprofit organization in Dallas that specializes in health-care enrollment for low-income families.
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AFTER #OSCARSSOWHITE, HISPANICS SEEK THEIR HOLLYWOOD MOMENT / BROOKS BARNES / THE NEW YORK TIMES
After black actors and films that focused on black characters were overlooked for Oscar nominations in 2015 and 2016, the #OscarsSoWhite social media outcry was so fierce that Hollywood was forced to listen. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences began a determined diversification effort, and last year there were six black acting nominees, a record. Whitewashing, or casting white actors as nonwhite characters, has galvanized Asian-Americans in Hollywood. Stars like Constance Wu have railed against the practice, hurting ticket sales for films like “Ghost in the Shell,” a Japanese manga adaptation starring Scarlett Johansson. But as Hollywood tries to deal with those issues, not to mention the fallout from the harassment crisis that began with Harvey Weinstein’s downfall, the minority group that Hollywood excludes the most onscreen — Latinos — is trying to create its own bullhorn moment.
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CHULA VISTA MUSEUM TO EXHIBIT HISPANIC HISTORY OF SOUTH COUNTY / DAVID HERNANDEZ / SAN DIEGO UNION TRIBUNE
The history of Hispanics in South County and beyond will be on display as part of an exhibit that opens this month at the Chula Vista Heritage Museum. Titled “Fronterizos: A History of the Spanish-Speaking People of the South Bay, San Diego,” the year-long exhibit opens Jan. 27 at the museum, located inside the Civic Center Library. “Focusing on the cultural heritage of the majority of residents in the region, the South Bay will be seen within the larger context of Mexican-American history,” according to a city of Chula Vista newsletter. The exhibit will shed light on the Portolá expedition, the first recorded Spanish exploration of present-day California; the immigration to the U.S. during the Mexican Revolution; Hispanics who served in the military; the Chicano Movement; and more. It includes photos and recorded interviews.
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CANADÁ


‘ILLEGAL ALIEN’ OR ‘UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANT’? U.S. SPLIT OVER WHAT WORDS TO USE IN IMMIGRATION DEBATE / DAVID NAKAMURA / TORONTO STAR
Lars Larson, a conservative radio host in Portland, Ore., who supports U.S. President Donald Trump, uses the phrase “illegal aliens” on his nationally syndicated talk show to describe immigrants living in the country unlawfully. “I think it’s a way to define a problem,” Larson said. “We’re a nation of laws.” Cecilia Muñoz, a longtime immigrant-rights advocate who served as President Barack Obama’s domestic policy adviser, calls those words “pejorative” and prefers alternatives such as “undocumented immigrants.” “Aliens, in the public mind, are not a good thing,” Muñoz said. Their disagreement over how to describe an estimated population of 11 million people might seem like minor semantics in the tempestuous, decades-long debate over how to overhaul the nation’s immigration system.
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L’ALENA DOIT SURVIVRE / MICHEL GIRARD / JOURNAL DE MONTREAL
Le président Donald Trump peut bien jouer au « parrain » avec ses menaces d’abolir l’ALENA, il n’en demeure pas moins que le Canada est son meilleur allié commercial. Ce qui le forcera à maintenir des liens commerciaux solides avec nous, peu importe l’issue des difficiles renégociations de l’ALENA avec le Canada et le Mexique. Il est vrai que les États-Unis sont aux prises avec un gros déficit commercial. Mais pas avec le Canada, où il bénéficie, au contraire, d’un surplus commercial. Selon le Bureau of Economic Analysis du US Department of Commerce, les États-Unis affichaient un surplus de 7,7 milliards $ US en 2016. C’est avec la Chine que les États-Unis détiennent la plus grosse balance commerciale négative, soit 309 milliards $ US. Suivent ensuite le Mexique, avec lequel il accuse un déficit commercial de 63 milliards $ US, et, non loin derrière, le Japon avec un déficit de 57 milliards $ US.
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RESTO DEL MUNDO


MACRON FACE AU TEST DE L’IMMIGRATION / CHRISTIAN RIOUX / LE DEVOIR
Rien ne se passe comme prévu dans ce quinquennat. L’automne devait être explosif, et la France à feu et à sang. Or, il ne s’est rien passé. La résistance, aussi bien syndicale que de l’extrême gauche, a fait « pschitt ». Avec environ 59 % d’opinions favorables, la cote de popularité du jeune président atteint des sommets comparativement à celle de ses prédécesseurs, qui avaient vu l’opinion publique se retourner contre eux quelques mois seulement après leur élection. Or, le secret du président n’est peut-être pas si mystérieux qu’on pourrait le croire. Pour la première fois depuis longtemps, un président a mis en oeuvre les réformes qu’il avait promises, soulignent les observateurs. Sitôt élu, Nicolas Sarkozy, pourtant partisan d’une droite « décomplexée », s’était dépêché de nommer des ministres de gauche à des postes clés du gouvernement.
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