Ciudad de México, 27 de junio de 2018

Número: 3627

 

NACIONALES


MÉXICO EXIGIRÁ LA INTERVENCIÓN DE LA OEA / HORACIO JIMÉNEZ / EL UNIVERSAL
El secretario de Relaciones Exteriores, Luis Videgaray Caso, y diversos legisladores mexicanos, anunciaron que el gobierno de México solicitará este viernes a la Organización de Estados Americanos (OEA) y a la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) que intervengan para detener la separación de familias derivada de la política de Estados Unidos de “Tolerancia Cero”, a la vez que objetó la orden ejecutiva que firmó el presidente Donald Trump.
Ver nota completa

JUEZ DE CALIFORNIA PONE PLAZO AL GOBIERNO DE EU PARA REUNIR A FAMILIAS SEPARADAS / EL FINANCIERO
Un juez de California ordenó a las autoridades fronterizas de Estados Unidos que reúnan a las familias separadas en un plazo de 30 días. Si los niños son menores de 5 años, deben reunirse dentro de los 14 días posteriores a la orden. La jueza del Tribunal de Distrito de los Estados Unidos, Dana Sabraw, otorgó una orden judicial preliminar ante una demanda presentada por la Unión Estadounidense de Libertades Civiles (ACLU) ante las separaciones familiares.
Ver nota completa

VAN 17 ESTADOS DE EU CONTRA TRUMP PARA FORZARLO A REUNIR FAMILIAS INMIGRANTES / EXCELSIOR
Diecisiete estados de Estados Unidos presentaron este martes una demanda para obligar al gobierno de Donald Trump a reunificar a familias que han sido separadas en la frontera con México. Los estados, entre los cuales están Washington, Nueva York y California, se unieron a la municipalidad de Washington, D.C., en presentar la demanda en el tribunal federal en Seattle. Es el primer litigio presentado por estados de la unión contra la práctica.
Ver nota completa

JEFES DE POLICÍA DE EU PIDEN A TRUMP EVITAR DETENCIÓN DE FAMILIAS INMIGRANTES / EXCELSIOR
Jefes de policía de todo Estados Unidos, tanto republicanos como demócratas, instaron el miércoles a la Casa Blanca a encontrar alternativas a la detención de familias de inmigrantes considerando los riesgos que conlleva para los niños, además de sus enormes costos. En una carta conjunta, más de 45 jefes de policía pidieron al presidente de Estados Unidos, Donald Trump, que considere otras posibilidades que el encarcelamiento, como pedir a los jefes de familia que utilicen tobilleras con un Sistema de Posicionamiento Global (GPS) o que reciban chequeos telefónicos periódicos.
Ver nota completa

MELANIA TRUMP VISITARÁ MÁS CENTROS DE INMIGRANTES ESTA SEMANA / EXCELSIOR
La primera dama de Estados Unidos, Melania Trump, visitará esta semana más centros destinados a detener o albergar temporalmente a los inmigrantes indocumentados que llegan al país, tras el viaje que hizo hace unos días a la frontera con México, informó este martes su oficina. La señora Trump planea visitar más instalaciones en algún momento de esta semana", dijo a Efe la portavoz de la primera dama, Stephanie Grisham.
Ver nota completa

NIÑOS DEBEN ESTAR EN LAS AULAS, NO EN JAULAS, AFIRMA SNTE / EXCELSIOR
A las puertas de la Corte Federal en el Paso, Texas y del Centro de Detención de Menores Migrantes, maestros del sindicato magisterial, encabezados por su dirigente, Juan Díaz de la Torre, condenaron el trato contra los niños migrantes que han sido separados de sus padres en Estados Unidos. Durante su discurso en un acto solidario con las familias migrantes que viven esa situación en la Unión Americana, el líder del Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación (SNTE) aseveró que los niños deben de estar en las aulas, no en jaulas, como hoy ocurre. “Una fotografía que nunca imaginamos ver en este siglo”.
Ver nota completa

DEFENSORES IBEROAMERICANOS DEL PUEBLO PIDEN A EU PROTEGER A NIÑOS MIGRANTES / JOSÉ MELÉNDEZ / EL UNIVERSAL
La Red de la Niñez y Adolescencia de la Federación Iberoamericana de Ombudsman (FIO) o defensorías del pueblo y de los derechos humanos instó hoy al gobierno de Estados Unidos a ratificar la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño, para proteger a los menores de edad migrantes, y pidió detener la expulsión colectiva de los viajeros que, por vías irregulares, ingresaron en suelo estadounidense. La Red de la FIO recordó que “a casi treinta años de la sanción de esta normativa internacional que reconoce en todo el mundo a las infancias y juventudes como sujetos de derechos, es inadmisible que sólo Estados Unidos no la haya incorporado aún a su legislación nacional”.
Ver nota completa

MUJER CHIHUAHUENSE ORGANIZA BRIGADA DE INTÉRPRETES PARA INDÍGENAS EN FRONTERA DE EU / EL FINANCIERO
Al correrse la voz de que el gobierno de Donald Trump separaba a las familias migrantes, Esther Navarro-Hall, una mujer mexicana que reside en California difundió un llamado urgente en internet para reclutar a intérpretes que puedan ayudar a los inmigrantes a comprender sus procesos legales en la frontera entre México y Estados Unidos. Pero esta petición no era para hispanoparlantes. Los intérpretes necesitaban hablar las menos conocidas lenguas indígenas de Guatemala y México, como maya y zapoteco.
Ver nota completa

LECHEROS DE EU PIDEN A TRUMP SUSPENDER ARANCELES AL ACERO DE MÉXICO / EL UNIVERSAL
Más de 60 empresas y grupos de productores lácteos de Estados Unidos pidieron hoy al presidente, Donald Trump, que suspenda los aranceles metalúrgicos a México porque las represalias comerciales del país latinoamericano afectan directamente a su modelo de negocio. En una carta, los productores informaron a Trump que México es el principal importador de lácteos estadounidenses con un 25% del total de las exportaciones.
Ver nota completa

VOTAN EN EU LOS 25 MIL MDD PARA MURO FRONTERIZO / MILENIO
La Cámara de Representantes de Estados Unidos votará hoy un proyecto de ley de inmigración, cuya consideración estaba prevista la semana pasada, y que dotaría con 25 mil millones de dólares la construcción del muro con México, además de otorgar un camino a la ciudadanía a los jóvenes indocumentados. El texto legislativo que se votará el miércoles proporcionaría un camino hacia la ciudadanía para hasta 1.8 millones de jóvenes indocumentados conocidos como “soñadores” y evitaría la separación familiar, pero a cambio contiene 25 mil millones para la construcción del muro fronterizo que demanda Trump y reduciría la migración legal.
Ver nota completa


ESTADOS UNIDOS


US JUDGE BARS SEPARATION OF IMMIGRANTS FROM CHILDREN, ORDERS REUNIFICATION / CNBC
United States District Court Judge Dana Sabraw granted the American Civil Liberties Union a preliminary injunction in a lawsuit filed over the family separations. More than 2,300 migrant children were separated from their parents after the Trump administration began a "zero tolerance" policy in early May, seeking to prosecute all adults who crossed the border illegally, including those traveling with children. The ACLU had sued on behalf of a mother and her then 6-year-old daughter, who were separated after arriving last November in the United States to seek asylum and escape religious persecution in Democratic Republic of Congo. While they were reunited in March, the ACLU is pursuing class-action claims on behalf of other immigrants. Trump issued an executive order to end the family separations on June 20, but the government has yet to reunite about 2,000 children with their parents.
Full text

DOJ SAYS CONGRESS MUST FIX IMMIGRATION AFTER JUDGE'S ORDER / ANNE FLAHERTY / MIAMI HERALD
The Justice Department on Wednesday said a judge's order to reunite families separated at the border "makes it even more imperative" that Congress pass legislation that would enable it "to simultaneously enforce the law and keep families together." Otherwise, the administration says, "lawlessness at the border will continue." The administration was responding to a federal judge's order Tuesday that U.S. border authorities must reunite separated families within 30 days. If the children are younger than 5, they must be reunited with families within 14 days of the order. The order poses logistical problems for the administration and its "zero tolerance" policy on illegal border crossings. That policy resulted in more than 2,000 children separated from their families in recent weeks, according to the government, and placed in government-contracted shelters while the adults are detained.
Full text

REVERSING COURSE AT LAST MINUTE, TRUMP CALLS ON HOUSE GOP TO PASS IMMIGRATION BILL/ EBECCA SHABAD/NBC NEWS
After saying last week that lawmakers shouldn't bother to vote on an immigration bill, President Donald Trump on Wednesday reversed himself and called on the House GOP to pass a compromise immigration bill that is slated for consideration later in the day. Some Republican lawmakers had recently expressed concern that Trump had not weighed in on the legislation and said that its prospects for passage were uncertain without clear signs of support of the White House.
Full text

AFTER THIS WEEK, REPUBLICANS IN CONGRESS ARE ALMOST CERTAINLY DONE TRYING TO OVERHAUL IMMIGRATION/ AMBER PHILLIPS/ THE WASHINGTON POST
After saying last week that lawmakers shouldn't bother to vote on an immigration bill, President Donald Trump on Wednesday reversed himself and called on the House GOP to pass a compromise immigration bill that is slated for consideration later in the day. Some Republican lawmakers had recently expressed concern that Trump had not weighed in on the legislation and said that its prospects for passage were uncertain without clear signs of support of the White House.
Full text

YOLO COUNTY SUPERVISORS VOTE TO KEEP HOUSING TEEN IMMIGRANTS FOR FEDERAL AUTHORITIES / KELLEN BROWNING / SACBEE
After more than two hours of public comment and debate, the Yolo County Board of Supervisors voted 3-1 Tuesday afternoon to keep open a juvenile detention facility that houses immigrant youth deemed dangerous by federal immigration authorities. For 10 years, the county has worked with the U.S. Health and Human Services' Office of Refugee Resettlement to house up to 24 undocumented immigrant teenagers who have been accused of crimes or pose serious risks to themselves or others. It's one of just three high-security juvenile immigration detention centers in the U.S. where young immigrants can be detained while the government pursues legal action against them. In April, the county's chief probation officer, Brent Cardell, recommended the facility be closed, citing a lack of staffing and frequent assaults and injuries to staff members by the detained youth. When he first appeared before the board in April, Cardell recalled Tuesday, he said "I've had enough. I've seen too many officers injured, off for long periods of time.'"
Full text

HER DAUGHTER SPENT MORE THAN 100 DAYS AT AN IMMIGRANT SHELTER / BRENDA MEDINA / MIAMI HERALD
This mother waited 12 years to embrace her daughter again. After the 14-year-old finally arrived in the United States from Guatemala, the long-awaited hug would be delayed for another four months. That's how long the girl was held in a shelter for immigrant children in Texas, where she arrived at the end of January. That's how long it took for her mother in South Florida to get through the family reunification process. “It was very difficult, because they made my life impossible with so many requirements,” said the mother, who asked to be identified only as "Elena" out of fear her statements would affect her pending asylum case. “I don't know why they make us suffer so much just to get our children. We should have the right to be with our kids.” The debate over immigrant children has centered on the more than 2,000 minors separated from their parents under the Trump administration's “zero tolerance” policy after crossing the U.S.-Mexico border illegally. But some 9,000 other youths who are in shelters across the United States entered the country without a parent or rather "unaccompanied."
Full text

TEEN RUNAWAY HIGHLIGHTS WEAKNESS IN FEDERAL SHELTERS HOLDING YOUNG IMMIGRANTS / MOLLY HENNESSY-FISKE / LOS ANGELES TIMES
When a 15-year-old Honduran immigrant fled a federally contracted shelter in south Texas this weekend, he triggered a search that drew attention not only to his case, but to the small but persistent number of runaways at facilities the government has been expanding. This week, federal officials announced they plan to open a massive shelter at Goodfellow Air Force Base in Texas that could house up to 20,000 youths. That’s in addition to 100 shelters in 17 states already housing 11,831 minors who arrived at the border without an adult. The youths are initially held by Border Patrol, but must be turned over within 72 hours to Health and Human Services, which places them at federally contracted shelters. The Honduran youth ran away after 36 days at the shelter during recreation time on a playground outside the Casa Padre shelter in Brownsville, Texas, at 3 p.m. Saturday, an official said. Staff ran beside the boy, urging him to stay at the shelter where, they said, he would be safe and have a chance to be released to family in the U.S.
Full text

EXPERTS: TRAVEL RULING COULD BOOST OTHER IMMIGRATION SUITS / SUDHIN THANAWALA / MIAMI HERALD
The U.S. Supreme Court's ruling upholding President Donald Trump's travel ban may have a silver lining for people fighting other administration immigration policies after the 5-4 majority ruled that the president's prior comments about Muslims were not off limits when evaluating the ban, legal experts said. Trump — a prolific Twitter user— has had his words turned against him in lawsuits over his administration's decisions to separate families at the border, end legal protections for young immigrants and revoke temporary status for people from particular countries. Some judges have criticized their colleagues for citing Trump's campaign statements calling for a ban on Muslims entering the U.S. in rulings on the travel ban, arguing they should only evaluate the text of his order. But Chief Justice John Roberts said Tuesday the Supreme Court "may look behind the face of the Proclamation" barring travelers from five countries with overwhelmingly Muslim populations, though he adopted a relatively easy standard for the administration to justify its travel policy. Allowing the president's statements is good news for plaintiffs in other immigration lawsuits against the administration, said Niels Frenzen, an immigration expert at the University of Southern California Gould School of Law.
Full text

TRAVEL BAN RULING STIRS DISMAY AMONG IMMIGRANTS, ADVOCATES / JEFF KAROUB AND JULIE WATSON/SACBEE
Maryam Bahramipanah is torn between staying with her husband, who came to Michigan from their native Iran, and returning home to see her mother, who suffered a stroke. With the U.S. Supreme Court's decision Tuesday to uphold President Donald Trump's ban on travel from several mostly Muslim countries, she expects that she can't do both. "I'm very sad," said Bahramipanah, who cried when she heard about the decision. "I don't know what to do. I really don't know. Now it's official and I don't know." Muslim individuals and groups, as well as other religious and civil rights organizations, expressed outrage and disappointment at the high court's rejection of a challenge claiming the policy discriminates against Muslims or exceeds the president's authority. Protesters voiced dismay at rallies across the country.
Full text


CANADÁ


MORE THAN HALF OF REFUGEE CLAIMANTS IN TORONTO’S TEMPORARY SHELTERS ARE CHILDREN, NEW FIGURES SHOW/ JENNIFER PAGLIAROCITY / TORONTO STAR
More than half of the refugee claimants sheltered by the city in motels, hotels and college dormitories are children, according to new data provided by the city on Tuesday. Of those, 728 are under age 8, and 518 are between the ages of 8 and 15. Most are travelling in families of three or more. In total, 2,332 refugees are living in those temporary spaces and are relying on the city for shelter beyond the summer. The situation has led to a standoff between the city and the federal government over aid, as Toronto continues to feel pressure from migrants arriving from Quebec.
Full text

IMMIGRATION ADVOCATES URGE OTTAWA NOT TO SCRAP REFUGEE DETERMINATION SYSTEM /MICHELLE ZILIO/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL
Refugee advocates are sounding the alarm over a proposal to scrap Canada’s current independent refugee determination process and replace it with an agency that reports directly to the Immigration minister. In a long-awaited review of the federal Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) Tuesday, a third-party assessment said Canada’s backlogged refugee determination system is at a crossroads and in urgent need of reform.
Full text


RESTO DEL MUNDO


UNA JOVEN LATINA GANA POR SORPRESA EN LAS PRIMARIAS DEMÓCRATAS DE NUEVA YORK AL CUARTO DEL PARTIDO / EL PAÍS
Sorpresa en las primarias de Nueva York ante las legislativas de noviembre, y de las que va a resonar por todo Estados Unidos. La millenial progresista latina Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez se impuso entre las bases de su partido al poderoso Joseph Crowley, considerado como el cuarto demócrata más influyente en la Cámara de Representantes tras diez mandatos en el Congreso. Ocasio-Cortez, de 28 años, formó parte del equipo que organizó la campaña de Bernie Sanders las pasadas presidenciales. Hace un par de días se desplazó a la frontera en Texas para denunciar la política de tolerancia cero de la Administración que preside Donald Trump con la inmigración ilegal. Promete llevar a Washington un cambio “generacional, racial e ideológico”.
Ver nota completa

LES ETRANGES/ FRANCINE PELLETIER/ LE DEVOIR
L’immigration est un sujet vieux comme le monde. Depuis la nuit des temps, le flot humain en quête d’une vie meilleure bat la mesure de l’évolution de l’espèce. Et pourtant, des deux côtés de l’Atlantique, l’immigration est de plus en plus perçue comme une menace. En 2016, Donald Trump s’est fait élire en promettant de bâtir un mur entre le Mexique et les États-Unis. Aujourd’hui, il titille son électorat en vue des élections de mi-mandat en mettant de nouveaux immigrants, et jusqu’aux enfants, derrière les barreaux. En Europe, l’animosité grandissante vis-à-vis de l’immigration a nourri la flamme du Brexit en Angleterre, en plus de donner des munitions aux partis de droite en Hongrie, en Autriche et en Italie.
Texte intégral

UN JUEZ ORDENA REUNIFICAR A TODAS LAS FAMILIAS DE INMIGRANTES SEPARADAS EN LA FRONTERA / PAÍS
Un juez federal de San Diego emitió este martes por la noche una orden cautelar que obliga al Gobierno de Estados Unidos a reunir con su familia a todos los niños separados de sus padres como consecuencia de la política de “tolerancia cero” con los indocumentado en la frontera. La decisión, solicitada por la Unión Americana de Derechos Civiles (ACLU) supone un serio desafío para la Casa Blanca y la definitiva judicialización de la polémica que más daño ha hecho a la Administración de Donald Trump hasta ahora.
Ver nota completa

LOS 201 INMIGRANTES QUE SÍ TIENEN LAS PUERTAS ABIERTAS EN EEUU / EL MUNDO
"Se llevaron a mi hijo de 11 años. Sé que está en un refugio de menores triste y asustado". El Tribunal Supremo de EEUU respalda el veto migratorio de Trump a cinco países musulmanes. Estados Unidos es una nación de inmigrantes. Esta máxima se repite en el país desde su fundación, por mucho que el 45º presidente quiera ponerle coto a la llegada de extranjeros. La cosmopolita Nueva York es, sin duda, una muestra de que cada año, decenas de miles de migrantes construyen EEUU.
Ver nota completa